The varicose veins of the lower extremity is the dilatation of each sections of the venous system. Its formation can be influenced by hereditary and lifestyle factors, but the root cause of varicose veins is the fault of valves which connect the deep vein system. These valves normally allow the blood flow only into the deep veins, but if they cannot be closed completely, the flow is reversed and is directed towards the surface veins. The greater pressure in the deep veins is transferred to the superficial veins with weaker wall surface, and they are gradually widen.
Blood flow slows down in the expanded veins, so blood becomes stagnant in the legs. That is why a lack of oxygen may occur, especially when standing. This lack of oxygen causes the symptoms of varicose veins: pain, tightness in the limbs and fatigue. Other diseases of varicose veins can be thrombosis, inflammation – and, due to insufficient blood flow in the skin, eczema and ulcers can occur later.
Varicose veins do not heal, they deteriorate over time. If surgery is performed in time then more serious consequences can be avoided. Early stages of varicose veins can be treated by wearing compression tights, but this does not cure the problem, it only slows down the deterioration process. Advanced varicose veins can only be treated by surgery.
After thorough manual and instrumental testing the surgeon defines the type of surgery required. He takes into consideration your previous symptoms, diseases and operations. Then the surgeon checks and palpates the expanded veins in an upright position. Then, in a lying position he also checks the state of valve between the deep veins and the veins on the surface with the help of an ultrasound device (Doppler). This determines exactly how it will be operated.
If the valve of the main veins on the surface is intact then only the expanded ancillary veins have to be removed. If the valve itself is damaged then the main surface vein and the expanded ancillary veins have to be removed . The role of the veins we remove is naturally taken over by the remaining veins.
It is important to know that varicose spiderweb veins are only an aesthetic problem. These can be cured by an injection treatment.
The essence is that we do not remove the problematic veins but close them with a special laser technique. An optic catheter is inserted into the expanded vein, then the surgeon uses local anaesthetics for the surrounding area. Then With the help of a laser c the vein will be closed.
The result is even better aesthetically as no incision is made.