Infertility treatments

Approximately 15 to 20% of couples who want children have to face the problem of infertility, which may be caused by several genetic, anatomical, hormonal, psychological, environmental or even social factors. By examining the causes, the infertility problem affects men and women in 40-40% of the cases and in the remaining 20% both members of the couple show some kind of disorder which hinders the occurrence of pregnancy. Causes of infertility can be explored in most of the cases by thorough examination, and they can also be averted or treated by various interventions.

If the examinations show that the semen analysis is normal, there is no severe tubal disorder (bilateral obstruction) and the hormonal results are also alright, then insemination, the least stressful intervention of assisted reproduction procedures is performed. During the painless outpatient treatment, minimal amount of hormones is used to stimulate ovulation and semen from the male member of the couple or (f the quality of semen is not appropriate or in case of single women) from a donor is injected into the uterus.

The other alternative is the so-called in vitro fertilization (IVF), its essence is that female eggs are fertilized with male sperms under laboratory circumstances and the fertilized egg is replanted into the uterus. This procedure may be the solution for the following cases of infertility:

  • bilaterally obstructed tubes,
  • tube function damaged by advanced endometriosis,
  • significant hormonal problems,
  • low eggor sperm count,
  • advanced maternal age,
  • following multiple unsuccessful inseminations.

Different IVF procedure types:

  • IVF-AHA (the success rate of embryonic hatching, that is, IVF-ET may be increased)
  • IVF-ET (embryonic transfer) procedure
  • IVF-ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection)
  • IVF-ICSI/SMART (if the ejaculate does not contain any sperm)